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Breaking Down The Mexican National ID Number

Breaking Down The Mexican National ID Number

The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is among the commonest ID numbers for individuals in Mexico. It is comparable in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, but unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated using the person’s full authorized name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number development may help reveal key details about individuals and permit analysts to simply identify false ID numbers.



Naming Conventions in Latin America

Before we talk about the construction of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.

An individual’s given name, also known as a primary name, is either a single name, such as Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with two or more names, such as Francisco Enrique.

The given name is followed by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and material surnames will be compound, but this is less common.

For instance, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Department of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding belongings for long-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.

If we break down his name into its three components, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.



Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number

The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It is structured as follows:

Four letters from the particular person’s legal name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First inner vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name
Six numbers which can be the individual’s date of beginning in YYMMDD format
One letter describing the person’s gender: "H" for male (hombre) and "M" for feminine (mujer)
Two letters which might be the two-letter state abbreviation for the state where the individual was born; if the particular person was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation "NE" can be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)
Three letters from the individual’s authorized name: – First internal consonant of the paternal surname – First inside consonant of the maternal surname – First inside consonant of the given name
One character to keep away from duplicate CURPs amongst people who have comparable names, places of start, and dates of birth; the character is a number that ranges from zero to nine for folks born earlier than 2000 and a letter from A to Z for people born since 2000
One character that is a checksum

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